The Royal Game of Ur, or Game of Twenty Squares, is a game from ancient Mesopotamia.
It is known by two boards, discovered in the royal tombs of Ur by Leonard Woolley in the 1920s. The surface of the wooden boards is covered with a bitumen core with inlaid shells, carnelian and lapis lazuli forming the rich ornaments of the game's squares. These boards are dated to around 2600 BC, making the game one of the oldest games known to date with the Egyptian senet. One of these boards is on display at the British Museum in London. Another such board dating from the same period was discovered with sixty game pieces in Shahr-e Sokhteh in Iranian Sistan.
This game was played on a board with three four-sided dice and two teams of seven pieces: Black and White. The exact rules of the third millennium are not known, but a tablet dated about 177 B.C., written by the scribe Itti-Marduk-Balāṭu, reconstitutes them in part. Graffiti depicting the game board was found on the back of man-headed bull statues guarding the doors of the Sargon II palace.
Be the first to review this game
You have to be logged to submit reviews.